Created: 01 July 2014
Written by Yung Kushy
Sweeping across the nation are new legislative Bills for “CBD only”, which would eradicate all cannabis strains with THC. However, it is widely known that these bills are erroneous and in danger of denying treatment to millions of patients.
On one hand, legislators and lawmakers are finally consenting to the idea that the Cannabis plant is actual medicine, but on the other hand, they are saying that only part, not the whole plant is medicine. This way of thinking will be the cause of great tragedies for patients who benefits from the entire plant.
Now, don’t get me wrong, when you consider the progress we are making with the studies of the CBD, and how great of a medicine it is, it’s very invigorating. Every day new reports come out showing the medicinal benefits of the CBD. These reports and the readily acceptance of “CBD Only Bills” shows that more people believe in CBD as a medicine, and now we have scientific evidence to back it up, but this can also be said for THC and the overall medicinal value of medicating from the entire Cannabis plant.
So what are THC and CBD??..
THC and CBD are two of at least 85 types of cannabinoids which makes up the Cannabis plant, many of which have documented medical value.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) acts upon the specific sites in the brain called cannabinoid receptors. CB1 (central nervous system) and CB2 (immune system) are the two cannabinoid receptors influenced by using marijuana. Cannabinoid receptors are concentrated in certain areas of the brain associated with thinking, memory, pleasure, coordination and time perception.
THC stimulates cells in the brain to release dopamine, creating euphoria. It also interferes with how information is processed in the hippocampus, which is part of the brain responsible for forming new memories.
THC has been known to treat:
- Chronic Pain
- Nausea from Chemotherapy
- Progressive diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and glaucoma, and many more.
- Reduce Insomnia
- Act as an antipsychotic for people suffering from schizophrenia
- Possibly offer relief for those suffering from Multiple Sclerosis, Fibromyalgia and Epilepsy
- Help stop the growth of cancer by inhibiting cancer cell growth, for example, when injected into breast and brain tumors in combination with THC.
- Prevent the memory impairment and disorientation associated with THC
Cannibidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive component of marijuana that possesses a wide range of therapeutic benefits. When present in high quantities, CBD enhances THC's positive effects while negating many of the negatives. It's clear both cannabinoids coexist in the plant for a reason, often acting synergistically.
CBDs will counter some of the less desirable side-effects of THC, like anxiety, paranoia, rapid heartbeat and short-term memory loss. In high doses, it can help insomniacs sleep, but in smaller amounts, it can be energizing. It can also reduce inflammation, nausea and convulsions.
CBD has also been shown to:
So, now the burning question is whether CBD should be isolated or not, when treating patients or should THC and CBD work in tandem. Well, let’s look at the medical condition called PTSD, which affects thousands of people, mostly veterans and former military personnel.
PTSD, or post-traumatic stress disorder, is an anxiety condition caused by disturbing episodes, such as military combat or sexual assault. Three classes of symptoms characterize PTSD: re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyper arousal (e.g., flashbacks, social isolation, and insomnia). The persistence of PTSD over time is attributed to changes in brain chemistry that occur at the time of the trauma, when adrenaline and stress hormones are hyper-responsive.
Researchers have found that people with PTSD had lower levels of anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid compound, compared to those who did not show signs of PTSD. Researches have also determined that normal CB-1 receptor signaling deactivates traumatic memories and endows it with the gift of forgetting. But skewed CB-1 signaling, due to endocannabinoid deficits (low serum levels of anandamide), results in impaired fear extinction, aversive memory consolidation, and chronic anxiety, and the hallmarks of PTSD.”
We now consider what this all means in relation to THC and CBD….
Combining THC and CBD have been found to increase clinical efficacy while reducing adverse effects, even with only trace amounts of THC added. (CBD works synergistically with THC, bolstering its medical effects while moderating its psychoactivity)
While THC binds to a cannabinoid type one (CB1) receptor in the brain, CBD exerts more activity at the CB2 receptor. When both THC and CBD are present, CBD can interfere with THC’s binding to the CB1 receptor, possibly neutralizing any psychoactive effects.
Additionally, CBD increases the production of anandamide that occurs naturally in the human body, and also prevents anandamide from being broken down, resulting in an indirect increase in endocannabinoid tone with none of the effects of THC.
This scientific breakdown is one of the main reasons why “CBD Bills only”, is ludicrous and it implies that Cannabis or shall we say medicinal marijuana should only be treated for certain patients, such as kids who suffer seizures, and not PTSD patients or people who suffer from chronic pain or fibromyalgia.
CBD is a wonderful medicine and it may one day prove to be one the best medicines known to man, as there is still so much more to learn about CBD and all of the medical benefits it affords. Consequently, THC is also a wonderful medicine and it can also one day be considered one of the best medicines on earth.
There can be a reasonable and valid argument made on behalf of THC and CBD, but the real question should be, why these cannabinoids can’t be used as medicine separately and together. They both come from the same Cannabis plant and both are amazing. We have millions of people throughout the world suffering from a variety of ailments that may need a predominant strain with THC or a predominant strain with CBD.
In conclusion, when there is scientific proof that something is an actual medicine that heals, diseases even cancer, we shouldn’t deny it, but embrace it. Not only a small part of it, but all of it. And this how we should look at the Cannabis plant as a whole and not in parts.
A.k.a. Yung Kushy